Dubai (Ras al Khaimah) Company
|Key Corporate Features|
|Type of Company||Limited by shares|
|Minimum Number of Members||1|
|Location of members meetings||Everywhere|
|Minimum Number of Directors||1|
|Local director required||No|
|Location of directors meetings||Everywhere|
|Corporate directors permitted||Yes|
|Company secretary required||No|
|Local / qualified company secretary required|
|Minimum paid up share capital||1000 dhs|
|Standard Authorized Capital||1000 dhs|
|Requirement to prepare accounts||Yes|
|Requirement to prepare audited accounts||No|
|Requirement to file accounts||Yes|
|Publicy accessible accounts||No|
|Requirement to file Annual Return||No|
|Minimum Annual Tax / Licence Fee||2000 AED|
|Change in domicile permitted||Yes|
|Publicy accessible records|
|Beneficiary Owner(s)||Yes government register|
|Member(s)/ Shareholder(s)||Yes government register|
|Director(s)||Yes government register|
Ras Al Khaimah is part of the United Arab Emirates, a constitutional federation of seven emirates located along the south eastern tip of the Arabian Peninsula. Qatar lies to the west, Saudi Arabia to the south and west and Oman to the north and east. The Federation was formally established in 1971.
RAK is one of the Emirates of the seven independent emirates, the current population is approximately 250,000 but this is expected to raise to 400,000 by 2017. Over 50% of the population are expatriates.
The UAE is 4 hours ahead of GMT ( 4 GMT).
Prior to 1971 each of the seven members emirates of the UAE (Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras Al Khaima, Sharjah and Umm Al Quwain), previously known as the Trucial States, had its own existing institutions of government. The Rulers agreed to draw up a provisional Constitution (“the Constitution”) which provided for the establishment of the Supreme Council of the Rulers of all the Emirates as the foremost authority in the Federation and a Council of Ministers as the Executive Branch of the Federation. Federal Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Defence, Justice, Public Health, Communications, Information Interior, Finance and Industry, Economy and commerce, Education, Public Works, Agriculture, Labour and Social Affairs and Planning were established. As a Muslim country, one of the fundamental principles in the Constitution provides that Islamic Law (Sharia) is the main souce for the legislation in the UAE. The main aim of the UAE Government Strategy is to ensure sustainable development and a high quality of life for all UAE Nationals.
Infrastructure and Economy
The UAE is one of the wealthiest countries in the world with a GDP of US $103 billion (2004). Dubai’s economy grew by approximately 16% in 2005 and is acknowledged as one of the fastest growing economies in the world. The UAE has the third largest proven oil reserves, however RAK has broadened its economic activity to include an industrial platform, real estate, trade and manufacturing. In addition Tourism is increasing rapidly with approximately 10 million tourists expected in 2007. The emirate of Ras Al Khaimah is strategically located between Africa and the Middle East and between the Far East and Europe, making it a gateway to over 1.5 billion consumers located in countries surrounding the Red Sea and the Gulf. Its infrastructure is of the highest standards with access to more than 170 shipping lines and approximately 86 airlines connecting to over 100 cities worldwide. The strong shipping and transportation sector is composed of most of the leading regional and international freight forwarders, insurers and shipping agents.
Arabic, Persian, Hindi, and Urdu. English is widely spoken.
The Dirham: The current rate is 6.9 Dirhams = £ 1 and pegged to the dollar at 3.67 AED per $ 1 US.
Type of Law
Federal, except for Dubai and Ras Al Khaima who maintain their own judicial systems. The Emirates had the constitutional right to opt to join the Federal judicial system or maintain their own independent system. The Federal UAE courts are divided into civil and criminal and are also generally divided to three stages of litigation namely:
- Courts of First Instance,
- Courts of Appeal
- Federal Supreme Court (colloquially referred to as Court of Cassation).
In addition to the Civil Courts each of the seven Emirates maintains a system of Sharia Courts which are organised and supervised locally.
Principal Corporate Legislation
- International Companies Regulations 2006
- Registered Agents Regulations 2006
Type of Company
The International Company (IC) is the most popular option for foreign companies seeking to establish a presence in the UAE.
Restrictions on Trading
Can only operate within the activities detailed on the Memorandum.
Powers of Company
Companies Law stipulates that an IC may engage in any lawful activity except for insurance, banking and the investment of money for others and restrictions apply to conduct local business.
Language of Legislation and Corporate Documents
Shelf Companies Available
Any name that is identical or similar to an existing name. Any name of a major international corporation where written consent to incorporate in not available. Any name that contains a registered trademark not owned by the company. Any name that the registrar may find undesirable, offensive or misleading.
Language of Name
Names Requiring Consent or a Licence
- In certain circumstances, the prior consent of a Federal Ministry or competent local authority will be required. These activities include: Oil & Gas, Banking & Investment, Financial Services, Insurance, Media, Transport, Construction, Telecommunications, Real Estate Management, Architectural and Engineering Consulting, Tourism, Shipping, Civil Aviation, Legal Services, Medical Services, Education. Any name that contains the words: state, government, municipal etc. and may wrongfully suggest a patronage of such.
Registered Office Required
Yes, must be maintained in RAK.
Suffixes to Denote Limited Liability
Ltd or Limited.
Disclosure of Beneficial Ownership to Authorities
Authorised and Issued Capital
The minimum requirement for authorised capital is DHs 1,000 which must be fully paid up.
Classes of Shares Permitted
May neither be negotiable or divisible. Ordinary shares, preferred shares, deferred shares, and shares with or without voting rights.
No Corporate, Withholding or Personal taxation.
Double Taxation Agreements
DHs 2,500 on incorporation and DHs 2,000 upon renewal.
Financial Statement Requirements
Minimum one. Powers and duties to be specified in the Memorandum. Corporate Directors are permitted.
Minimum of one.
- Company names search registry
- Document preparation
- Certificate of incorporation
- Government fees
- RAK registered agent
- RAK registered office
- Registrar of shareholders, director and members
- Memorandum & Articles of Association
- Resolution to Open Bank Account